Aside from classic fish the Great Barrier Reef is also home to plenty of shellfish like giant clams, peacock mantis shrimp, and boxer crabs. The Great Barrier Reef is the jewel in Queensland's crown and one of the seven wonders of the natural world. We work to protect marine animal species that are threatened, iconic or at risk. Usually this plant will live adjacent the coral reef. Thank you. The Great Barrier Reef is a playground for those who want to explore the creatures lurking, just below the surface of what would otherwise be seen as a tropical paradise. The most spectacular and entertaining cetacean of the Great Barrier Reef is the humpbacked whale. The Triggerfish is known for being incredibly aggressive and will attack divers if they feel threatened. Cuttlefish (Sepia latimanus) The cuttlefish is a … The Great Barrier Reef's 600 or so species of echinoderms—the order that includes starfish, sea stars, and sea cucumbers—are mostly good citizens, constituting an essential link in the food chain and helping maintain the reef's overall ecology. Photo: Lady Elliot Island. The more than 1,500 species of fish inhabiting the Great Barrier Reef range from tiny gobies and larger bony fishes, such as tusk fish and potato cods, up to massive cartilaginous fish such as manta rays, tiger sharks, and whale sharks. There are also venomous sea snakes, brightly colored worms, and large algae. Although the Flatback Sea Turtle will feed off the coast of Indonesia and Papua New Guinea, nesting will only occur along the shores of Australia. As you might have guessed, this massive organism provides food and shelter to a large number of animals. For the record, given the diversity of animals, this will not be an easy task. The relatively warm waters of the Great Barrier Reef make it a favored destination for about 30 species of dolphins and whales. Today, about 15 sea snakes are endemic to the Great Barrier Reef, including the large olive sea snake and the banded sea krait. Creatures that look like flora and fauna too can be in reality tiny animals that can sting and bite as well. The Great Barrier Reef in Danger. Learn how your comment data is processed. There are several facts about the Great Barrier Reef that will amaze you. The Great Barrier Reef supports a vast array of life forms. Marine biologists believe there are at least 5,000 and possibly as many as 10,000 species of mollusks inhabiting the Great Barrier Reef, the most visible being the giant clam, which can weigh up to 500 pounds. While jellyfish lack brains or hearts, some, including the box jellyfish, can see. There are more than 100 recorded species of jellyfish in the vicinity of the Great Barrier Reef, including the infamous stinging blue bottles and box jellyfish. This plant has a scientific name of Coccoloba uvifera and people also known this plant as baygrape. The reef reaches from the Torres Strait in the north to the passage between Lady Elliot Island and Fraser Island in the south. 2. Among the other marine animals you may find squid and octopus (like the blue-ringed octopus or cuttlefish), reptiles like sea turtles, or different species of whales and sharks. But those aren’t the only species to be wary of. This Top 10 list will capture ten of the coolest (in my opinion) animals found on the Great Barrier Reef. These are but some of the deadliest animals in the Great Barrier Reef of Australia. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Unlike most turtles, the Flatback Sea Turtle has a flatter shell, hence the name. In general, fish, reef sharks, sea turtles, dolphins, and even some whales can be seen among the reef. The Hammerhead Shark (possibly one of the coolest sharks in the world) is different than most other sharks as they prefer the company of other Hammerheads. Bob Strauss is a science writer and the author of several books, including "The Big Book of What, How and Why" and "A Field Guide to the Dinosaurs of North America. It totals 960 km² in area, including Glover’s Reef Marine Reserve, the great Blue Hole , Halfmoon Caye Natural Monument, and … All sea snake species are venomous but are much less of a threat to humans than terrestrial species such as cobras, Eastern corals, or copperheads. It very well may seem like a simple and easy question to answer, however, there are so many variables that make the answer not quite as … Im Jahr 1981 wurde es von der UNESCO zum Weltnaturerbe erklärt[4] und wird auch als eines der sieben Weltwunder der Natur bezeichnet. White sharks, tiger sharks, and even hammerhead sharks live in this ecosystem. Considering how poisonous they are (human fatalities in children and the weak have been reported), it is never a good idea to cross their path. The bright colours and shallow water habitat make this beautiful fish very easy to spot while snorkelling the Great Barrier Reef. This reef truly is an amazing under water land and just teaming full of life! Mangroves grow behind the coral reefs so they can protect them. These unusual turtles will typically lay fewer but larger eggs along the same beach that they hatched from roughly 30 years earlier (now that is a good memory). Seven species of sea turtles frequent the Great Barrier Reef: the green turtle, loggerhead turtle, hawksbill turtle, flatback turtle, Pacific ridley turtle, and leatherback turtle. We start this list off with a fish that is popular amongst aquarium enthusiasts as a result of their small size, simple (but classy) colouring and their hardy disposition. When it comest to playing nice with others, the Lionfish fails miserably. The best place to spot them is where the reef begins to drop off into the deeper water. Nine most dangerous creatures also play here, jellyfish, sharks, crocodiles, stingrays. Wherever there are fish and mollusks, there will be pelagic birds, which nest on nearby islands or the Australian coastline and venture out to the Great Barrier Reef for frequent meals. The Turtle-Headed Sea Snake has made a nice living feeding off of fish eggs and will move slowly throughout their range looking for egg clusters. These large, vaguely comical-looking mammals are strictly herbivorous, feeding on the numerous aquatic plants of the Great Barrier Reef. Measuring a mere cubic centimeter (about the same size as a green pea, pencil eraser tip, or a chocolate chip), the Irukandji jellyfish, is one of the world’s tiniest—and most venomous jellyfish species. Some pretty crazy-looking critters inhabit the Great Barrier Reef off the coast of Queensland, Australia. Heron Island to the south is home to up to 75,000 black noddies during the breeding season. In fact, this reef is visible from space. There are large numbers of colonies that are made up of individual polyps linked by tissue. Today, upwards of 50,000 dugongs are believed to be in the vicinity of Australia, an encouraging upturn in numbers for this still-endangered sirenian. Once they find a nice, tasty egg cluster they will use a specialized scraper, found on their upper jaw, to scrape the “caviar” off of the branch or ocean floor. Of course, jellyfish aren’t fish at all, but rather a gelatinous form of invertebrate zooplankton (Cnidaria), whose bodies are comprised of as much as 98% water. Let’s just hope you are not on the menu during your dive. Seven species of sea turtles frequent the Great Barrier Reef: the green turtle, loggerhead turtle, hawksbill turtle, flatback turtle, Pacific ridley turtle, and leatherback turtle. Considering its incredible size, the Great Barrier Reef is home to various animals. A green sea turtle on the Great Barrier Reef Thirty species of cetaceans have been recorded in the Great Barrier Reef, including the dwarf minke whale, Indo-Pacific humpback dolphin, and the humpback whale. Next, for the plants in The Great Barrier Reef is sea grapes. In addition there are also many types of starfish, crab and shrimp that also call the reef home. Australia has its very own unique wildlife that exists know where else on this Earth and everywhere you walk or travel if you keep you eyes peeled you will see something very new. These poisonous (but beautiful) fish can typically be found on the edges of the reef and they seem to prefer the turbid inshore areas (great… this means you can’t actually see the dangerous fish). They are known to be quite aggressive towards other reef fish. Predating dinosaurs, Jellyfish are some of the Earth’s oldest creatures. The largest coral reef in the world, the Great Barrier Reef off the northeastern coast of Australia, consists of more than 2,900 coral reefs, 600 continental islands, 300 coral cays, and thousands of animal species. While these colourful Sea Slugs can be found in many parts of the world and at just about any ocean depth, they are most abundant in the shallow waters surrounding the Great Barrier Reef. The Triggerfish is easy to identify with their bright colours and pouty mouth. In fact, they are one of the few tropical fish that are bred extensively in captivity. This is just a taste of the variations of marine life lingering among the reef. Living among the coral is nearly 1,500 species of fish, 4,000 kinds of mollusks, and more than 400 species of sponges. All of these turtles—like many animals of the reef—are currently classified as either vulnerable or endangered species. The Great Barrier Reef consists of about 3,000 individual reefs of coral, and the biodiversity they contain is remarkable. Although coral reefs have been around for over 500 million years, the Great Barrier Reef is relatively young at 500 000 years, and this most modern form is only 8000 years old, having developed after the last ice age. In the north and south the reefs lie close together, but in the central section where they are more widely scattered. As coral colonies die, new ones grow atop the limestone skeletons of their predecessors, creating the reef's three-dimensional architecture. Good thing too since the wild population is threatened. 7 Amazing Unique Armored Animals in the World, 32 Amazingly Beautiful Red Animals You Need To See, 11 Fascinating Animals that Start with the Letter U, 12 Fabulous Animals that Start with The Letter Q, 10 Fascinating Animals that Start with the Letter A, 10 Spectacular Animals That Start with the Letter J. Live worksheets > English. See also: Conservation of The Great Barrier Reef These swarms devour far too much of the reef and endanger it. The mantis shrimp who spear their prey typically eat softer creatures, such as worms, squid, and fish. On Heron Island alone, you can find birds as diverse as the bar-shouldered dove, black-faced cuckoo shrike, Capricorn silver eye, buff-banded rail, sacred kingfisher, silver gull, eastern reef egret, and white-bellied sea eagle, all of which rely on the nearby reef for their nutrition. Mantis shrimp who club their prey eat harder creatures, such as clams, snails, and smaller crustaceans. Great Barrier Reef Animals – The Great Barrier Reef, found off the coast of Queensland, Australia is the largest structure on earth, made from living specimens. Well, I know if I saw them during a dive, I would spend the rest of my day looking at them. Renowned for its beautiful corals and water clarity, the reef was listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Area in 1981. What Animals Live In The Great Barrier Reef. This ecosystem is also notable for zig-zag oysters, octopuses, squid, cowries (the shells of which were once used as money by Australia's indigenous tribes), bivalves, and sea slugs. Home to a plethora of plants and animals, the reef is protected by the Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System which includes seven marine reserves, 450 cayes, and three atolls. ", Crown-Of-Thorns Starfish Are Gorgeous Killers, How the Sixth Mass Extinction Affects the U.S. Economy, Animals Most Endangered by Global Warming. Written by Diana Son and René Balcer, it is the third Criminal Intent” episode to feature recurring character Nicole Wallace (Olivia d’Abo). These deadly outbreaks are swarms of starfish that eat the coral of the reef. Although the Hammerhead Shark can be found throughout the world, they enjoy hanging out around the edges of the Great Barrier Reef. The Great Barrier Reef is a refuge for many species of conservation concern. Please share it along to friends you if this site is useful for many people. Also known as stony corals, hard corals congregate in shallow tropical waters and help build coral reefs, growing in various aggregations including mounds, plates, and branches. The shallow waters that are around the Great Barrier Reef allow the water to warm up from 18-33 degrees Celsius. Damselfish, wrasses, and tusk fish are among the most abundant fish on the reef. There are also blennies, butterflyfish, triggerfish, cowfish, pufferfish, angelfish, anemone fish, coral trout, seahorses, sea perch, sole, scorpionfish, hawkfish, and surgeonfish. That’s right, they are known to travel in groups. The tentacles of the Box Jellyfish are still capable of stinging even if they are not attached to the animal or if the jelly is dead, so please be careful. The Great Barrier Reef - Animals Eating Animals read and carefully answer questions about the great barrier reef. The Great Barrier Reef supports over 1500 species of fish, 400 species of coral and 4000 species of molluscs just to name a few! Humpback whales are one of the largest cetaceans on the planet and they also live in the Great Barrier Reef to reproduce.Dolphins, minke whales, Hong Kong pink dolphins, and dugongs are also found there. In exchange they provide the coral with needed nutrients. A plethora of coral thrives here, along with a sweep of parrotfish, surgeonfish, barracuda, and sharks. Just what you want a whole group of deadly sharks coming after you. If you want to catch a glimpse of tho massive mammal then I suggest spending some diving time in the northern waters of Australia, between Shark Bay and Moreton Bay where the Dugong likes to hang out. How long does it take to get from Cairns to the Great Barrier Reef . Their natural predators are sharks and also saltwater crocodiles that venture into the region only occasionally—but often with bloody consequences. This complex maze of habitats provides refuge for an astounding variety of marine life, plants and animals – from ancient sea turtles, reef fish and 134 species of sharks and rays, to 400 different hard and soft corals and a plethora of seaweeds. Some of these marine mammals ply the waters virtually year-round, others swim to the region to give birth and raise young, while others simply pass through during their annual migrations. Like all reptiles, sea snakes are equipped with lungs, but they can absorb a small amount of oxygen from water and have specialized glands that excrete excess salt. How long does it take to get to the Great Barrier Reef from Cairns? Australia's Great Barrier Reef is home to a tremendous array of endangered species, some found nowhere else in the world. great barrier “Great Barrier” is the fourth episode of the fourth season of ”. Unlike true jellyfish that just float around waiting for food to come to them, the Box Jellyfish will actively hunt their meals. We can’t have a list highlighting the 10 coolest animals of the Great Barrier Reef without discussing the animal often called “the most poisonous animal in the world” also known as the Box Jellyfish. Narrated by National Geographic Explorer-in-Residence Sylvia Earle. Lucky visitors can catch glimpses of the five-ton dwarf minke whale and the bottlenose dolphin, which like to travel in groups. Animals that live in the Great Barrier Reef thrive in warmer water, and prefer the regions tropical temperatures. # It's a unique ecosystem home to thousands of species of marine life, including fish, whales, dolphins, and six of the world’s seven species of marine turtle. Sea grapes can live until 100 m depth and usually live in the muddy areas. If you look closely, you will see why how this fish received its name…and why they made this list. Marine biologists believe this creature’s complex sensory array makes it one of only a handful of species on the planet to have a full 360° view of the world around it. Actually you find just as much above the ocean as there is below! Apart from cetaceans, there are also other large marine animals: almost thirty sharks and stingray species. Whale it self is a marine mammals that live in the sea, and they usually appear in the sea water surface to breath. Read more Information on these Bird Species Below: Sea Birds of … Although, they are typically a blue-grey colour throughout most of their range, they will have this amazing, ringed form when living on the reef. Large populations of dugongs live there. ... while females rarely exceed 3 feet. The only reliable remedy is maintaining populations of the crown-of-thorn's natural predators, including the giant triton snail and the starry puffer fish. if that isn’t cool then I don’t know what is. Welcome to Animals That Live In The Great Barrier Reef! We can’t have a list highlighting the 10 coolest animals of the Great Barrier Reef without discussing the animal often called “the most poisonous animal in the world” also known as the Box Jellyfish. Mollusks are a widely divergent order of animals, including species clams, oysters, and cuttlefish. About 30 million years ago, a population of terrestrial Australian snakes ventured toward the sea. Coral reef adapt to the Great Barrier Reef because zooxanthellae lives inside the polyps in the coral. The Great Barrier Reef is home to thousands of plants and animals that all contribute to its rich diversity. The Great Barrier Reef is home to about 360 species of hard coral, including bottlebrush coral, bubble coral, brain coral, mushroom coral, staghorn coral, tabletop coral, and needle coral. The box jellyfish has 24 “eyes” (visual sensors) two of which are capable of interpreting and differentiating color. They eat coral polyps causing widespread damage to the reefs coral stocks and if left unchecked can destroy large reef areas in a matter of weeks. They have powerful jaws and are capable of delivering a painful bite so be careful when observing them up close. Sure, you may be asking how can a Sea Slug take the number one spot for Great Barrier Reef animals. Don’t be fooled by the colour of this snake. In fact, these characteristics make them one of the most recognizable fish on the world famous reef. Yes, their lips actually look like the beak of a parrot. The Dugong is the only marine mammal that feeds solely on vegetation (the Manatee could be another but they spend some time in the freshwater so they get disqualified). Unlike true jellyfish that just float around waiting for food to come to them, the Box Jellyfish … Das Great Barrier Reef (deutsche Bezeichnungen: (Großes) Barriereriff[1], Großes Barrierriff[2] oder Great-Barrier-Riff[3]) vor der Nordostküste Australiens ist die größte zusammenhängende Ansammlung von über 2.900 einzelnen Korallenriffen der Erde. When in captivity, these animals are extremely friendly and inquisitive, with some fish being described as having different personalities and levels of cheekiness. Mantis shrimp live in burrows, both in tropical and subtropical waters. The exception is the crown-of-thorns starfish, which feeds on the soft tissues of corals and can cause drastic declines in coral populations if left unchecked. Meanwhile, there are some sponge species that help recycle calcium carbonate from dying corals. Holding the world's largest collection of corals (more than 400 different kinds), coral sponges, molluscs, rays, dolphins, over 1500 species of tropical fish, more than 200 types of birds, around 20 types of reptiles including sea turtles and giant clams over 120 years old. The great barrier reef first began to grow 18 million years ago but the present phase of reef growth is 6 - 8,000 years old. The freed calcium carbonate, in turn, ends up being incorporated into the bodies of mollusks and diatoms. Organism 2 The largest living structure, the Great Barrier Reef spans more than 1,200 miles (2,000 kilometers) of islands and submerged reefs. Green, loggerhead, and hawksbill turtles nest on coral cays, while flatback turtles prefer continental islands, and the green and leatherback turtles reside on mainland Australia, only occasionally foraging as far out as the Great Barrier Reef. 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